Over the years much has been said about healthy eating and a lot of it has been conflicting. There are several traditional diets which have always been favoured by nutritionists because they are high in fruit and vegetables and low in saturated fats.
Recently researchers have declared that the Icelandic diet is the most healthy. Basically the soil is very fertile because of the amount of volcanoes. The food they eat although they meet as a protein source it is clean meat, the beef, lamb and pork graze naturally on grass. This makes the milk and dairy products much more healthy. Also much of the fruit and vegetable produce they eat is organic.
Traditional Japanese food is another diet labeled as healthy. It is characterized by smaller portions but it is very nutrient dense. The Japanese simply do not have the food which are wasted calories in the West.Their diet is rich in fat-soluble vitamins which they get from seafood, fish broth, whale meat, and organ meats such as heart, kidneys and liver. Another reason Japanese food is so healthy is that it has a lot of lacto fermented food which promotes excellent gut health these foods are miso and tempeh. The traditional Japanese diet has not really been influenced by Western diets and the people who follow this diet all their lives are regarded as some of the healthiest and leanest people on the planet who also lived to a ripe old age.
Another ancient and traditional diet which has not altered substantially in hundreds of years the diet of the people of the Arctic, the Inuit’s. When you first look at an Inuit diet and you realise the basis of their diet fish and meat it looks incredibly unhealthy, how can this diet be one of the helathiest diets in the world?. They have no access to fresh fruit and vegetables and yet they are some of the longest living and healthiest people in the world. This is because they get vitamins C from Caribou liver, seal offal, whale skin as well as kelp which is a type of seaweed. These foods they tend to eat more so they get the maximum benefit of vitamins C which is generally destroyed during the cooking process. The fat-soluble vitamins A and D found in the livers of the fish and mammals they eat as well as the natural oils.
Another diet has been long regarded as one of the healthiest in the world is loosely classed as the Mediterranean diet. This covers the Israeli food, Lebanese food, Turkish food, Greek food and Spanish food in other words the warmer countries around the Mediterranean. Although each cuisine is completely individual they share a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables. Grains are minimally processed and tend to be whole grains, they eat a lot of fresh fish and smaller quantities of fresh meat. Most countries also drink red wine and any oil they consume is usually a coldpressed olive oil. Many medical studies have backed up research that overall this diet is a protection against dementia, Parkinson’s disease heart disease and many cancers. Also the people of the southern Mediterranean weakness diet or the life tend to live longer than those eating a diet consisting of processed food
Another diet which is regarded as the ideal diet because it is the food humans ate when they were initially hunters and gatherers before they became domesticated and agriculture was born. This diet is referred to as many names and they include the caveman diet, the hunter gatherer diet, the Paleo diet and the ancestral diet. Basically it consists of the foods that would have been even during the Palaeolithic period which lasted for 2 1/2 million years until about 10,000 years ago. That means that no food is processed sugars and natural sugars such as organic honey and maple syrup. The diet has no grains, legumes, pulses, dairy products, salts and processed food. This makes the diet fairly restrictive as it is based on vegetables and fruit usually organic, organic grass fed pasture raised meat in small quantities and sustainable fresh fish as well as roots, seeds, nuts and fungi.
What these diets all have in common the fact that they are fruit and vegetable based which means they are packed with antioxidants. Antioxidants are very useful because they mop up free radicals in the body which are the which ages us. They eat a small amount of meat and fish. They have plenty of oily fish such as sardines salmon and tuna all of which are rich in omega 3 fatty acid DHA . In contrast Western diets have a higher amount of omega 6. They rely primarily on organic seasonal food prepared without industrial chemicals. The people who eat these diets tend to eat three main meals a day and they do not snack between meals. Their diet is very low in processed foods, added sugars and wasted calories.
In contrast the Western diet is characterized by eating a large amount of red meat which has been pumped with hormones to make it edible in a shorter amount of time. It includes artificial sugars and processed sugars in the forms of sugary drinks which offer no nutrients at all. The fact that saturated fats or facts which hydrogen has been added to,to become hydrogenated fats or trans fats all of which are very damaging to the body. Meat is often highly processed in the form of bacon, sausage and salamis.
In short this Western diet has been linked to causing obesity, heart disease, strokes and an increase in colon cancers amongst others. We also consume in the West a large amount of carbohydrate in the form of grains. In recent years the way these grains are process has altered and this has led to a higher degree of wheat intolerance or gluten intolerance in people. It has also made people fatter as they eat a third of their calories in the form of carbohydrates. This in itself if it was quality carbohydrates made from whole wheat flour would not be so bad white processed flour has all the nutrients stripped out of it and when the body digests it in turns to sugar.
In conclusion the rules about healthy eating and not that difficult. It largely plant-based diet with lots of raw and seasonal foods. Eat oily fish twice a week and organic eggs and use meat as a special treat to be enjoyed on high days and holidays. If you are a diabetic you will definitely from cutting your carbohydrates. You don’t have to cut them out entirely but leave them in the forms of legumes and pulses rather than white bread and pasta.